| Ibandronate Sodium
Classifications: bisphosphonate; regulator, bone metabolism; Therapeutic: bone metabolism regulator
Pregnancy Category: C
2.5 mg and 150 mg tablets
Ibandronate is a potent third-generation bisphosphonate. It inhibits activity of osteoclasts and reduces bone resorption
and turnover in the matrix of the bone.
In postmenopausal women, it reduces the rate of bone turnover, resulting in a net gain in bone mass.
Prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women.
Treatment of metastatic bone disease in breast cancer.
Hypersensitivity to ibandronate; severe renal impairment; hypocalcemia, vitamin D deficiency; inability to stand or sit
up straight for 60 min; achalasia, esophageal stricture, dysphagia; concurrent administration with antacids, supplements,
or vitamins; children <18 y; pregnancy (category C).
Mild or moderate renal impairment; history of GI bleeding or disease, esophagitis, esophageal, or gastric ulcers; older
Route & Dosage
Adult: PO 2.5 mg qd or 150 mg once monthly on the same day each month
Clcr <30 mL/min: use not recommended
- Correct hypocalcemia before administering ibandronate.
- Give at least 60 min before food, beverage, or other medications (including vitamins).
- Instruct to swallowed whole with a full glass of plain water (180240 mL; 68 oz) while standing or sitting in
an upright position.
- Keep patient sitting up or ambulating for 60 min after taking drug.
- Store 15°30° C (59°86° F).
Adverse Effects (≥1%)CNS:
Dizziness, headache, nerve root lesion, vertigo. GI:
, diarrhea, esophagitis, gastritis
, pharyngitis, nausea, vomiting. Respiratory:
Upper respiratory infection, pharyngitis. Skin:
Rash. Body as a Whole:
Back pain. Other:
Diagnostic Test Interference
Interferes with the use of bone-imaging agents.
of calcium, magnesium,
reduces ibandronate adsorption. Food:
Food reduces ibandronate absorption (ibandronate should be taken in a fasting state).
Bioavailability poor (0.6%). Peak:
0.52 h. Distribution:
8699% protein bound. Metabolism:
Assessment & Drug Effects
- Lab tests: Monitor albumin-adjusted serum calcium, serum phosphate, serum alkaline phosphatase, fasting and 24 h urinary
calcium, and serum electrolytes; baseline and periodic renal function.
- Withhold drug and notify physician if the Clcr <30 mL/min.
- Diagnostic test: Bone density scan every 1218 mo.
- Monitor for S&S of upper GI distress, especially with concurrent use of NSAIDS or aspirin.
Patient & Family Education
- Take the monthly dose (150 mg) on the same day each month. Carefully follow directions for taking the drug (see Administration).
- If a monthly dose is missed, and the next scheduled dose is more than 7 d away, take one 150 mg tablet the next morning then
resume the original monthly schedule. Do not take two 150 mg tablets in the same week.
- Report to physician any of the following: severe bone, joint, or muscle pain; heartburn, pain behind the sternum, difficulty
or pain with swallowing.