Classifications: anesthetic, local (amide-type); Therapeutic: local anesthetic
Pregnancy Category: C
Long-acting anesthetic of the amide type and reportedly one of the most potent and most toxic. Appears to inhibit initiation
and conduction of nerve impulses by reducing permeability of nerve cell membrane to sodium ions.
Relief of pain and itching due to inhibiting conduction of nerve impulses.
Fast, temporary relief of pain and itching due to hemorrhoids and other anorectal disorders, nonpoisonous insect bites, sunburn,
minor burns, cuts, and scratches.
Hypersensitivity to amide-type anesthetics, pregnancy (category C), children <1 y.
Lactation, children <12 y.
Route & Dosage
|Itching Due to Insect Bites or Hemorrhoids
Adult: Topical Apply skin cream or ointment to affected area as needed [max: 1 oz (28 g)/24 h]; insert rectal ointment morning and evening and after each bowel movement
Child: Topical Apply skin cream or ointment to affected area as needed [max: 1/4 oz (7 g)/24 h]
- Apply cream preparation after bathing or swimming (water soluble).
- Store at 15°30° C (59°86° F) in tight, light-resistant containers.
Adverse Effects (≥1%)Skin:
Irritation, contact dermatitis; rectal bleeding (suppository).
Poorly absorbed from intact skin; readily absorbed from mucous membranes or abraded skin. Onset:
15 min. Duration:
Patient & Family Education
- Use OTC preparations as directed. Always review package instructions.
- Discontinue if irritation or rectal bleeding (following use of rectal preparations) develops and consult physician.
- Hemorrhoids can be caused or worsened by constipation, excessive straining at stool, excessive standing, sitting, and coughing.
- Physician may prescribe sitz baths 34 times/d to reduce the swelling and pain of hemorrhoids.
- Note: Medication is intended for temporary relief of mild to moderate itching or pain. Seek medical advice for continuing discomfort,
pain, bleeding, or sensation of rectal pressure.